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  • Writer's pictureEvan Billups

Understanding Endometriosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Today's blog post was written by our program director, Amber.

Endometriosis is a common yet often misunderstood condition that affects millions of women around the world. Let’s delve into what endometriosis is, its potential causes, common symptoms and available treatment options.

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a chronic condition where tissue, similar to the lining of the uterus, grows outside of the uterus. This tissue, known as endometrial implants, can be found on organs, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining the pelvis. Each month, this tissue responds to hormonal changes, leading to inflammation, pain, and sometimes the formation of scar tissue.

Causes of Endometriosis

While the exact cause of endometriosis remains unclear, several theories exist:

1. Retrograde Menstruation: One theory suggests that during menstruation, menstrual blood flows backward through the fallopian tubes into the pelvic cavity, where it implants and grows on organs.

2. Hormonal Imbalance: Imbalances in estrogen and progesterone levels may contribute to the development of endometriosis. Estrogen, in particular, can stimulate the growth of endometrial tissue.

3. Immune System Disorders: Some researches believe that problems with the immune system may make the body unable to recognize and destroy endometrial-like tissue growing outside the uterus.

4. Genetic Factors: Endometriosis tends to run in families, suggesting a genetic predisposition to the condition.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

Endometriosis symptoms vary from person to person but commonly include:

· Pelvic pain that worsens during the menstrual cycle

· Chronic lower back and abdominal pain

· Painful intercourse

· Heavy menstrual periods or bleeding between periods

· Infertility or difficulty getting pregnant

Treatment Options

While there is no cure for endometriosis, several treatment options can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life:

1. Pain Medication: Over the counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or prescription medications can help alleviate discomfort.

2. Hormonal Therapy: Birth control pills, hormonal patches, or hormonal IUDs can help regulate hormones and reduce the growth of endometrial tissue.

3. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove endometrial implants and scar tissue. This procedure is often performed laparoscopically.

4. Fertility Treatment: For women struggling with infertility due to endometriosis, fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) may be recommended.


Endometriosis can significantly impact a woman’s quality of life, but with proper management and support, it is possible to alleviate symptoms and improve overall well-being. If you suspect you have endometriosis or are experiencing symptoms, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment.

Remember, you are not alone, and there are resources and support networks available to help you navigate this condition.

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